Mon, 25 May 2009
Lediniai Tiltai Icy Bridges
English: Battle of Grunwald by Jan Matejko
On 15 July 1410 Lithuanian soldiers fought in the Battle of Grunwald. The German Teutonic Knights never could get on well with Lithuanians. The Pope in Rome had given the Teutonic Knights carte blanche to invade and conquer Lithuanian and Prussian lands. The Prussians were linguistic and cultural cousins of the Lithuanians. In 1385 Grand Duke Jogaila of Lithuania married Queen Jadwiga of Poland. A few years later in 1409 the Teutonic Knights were trying to control an uprising in a territory they controlled – Samogitia or Žemaitija.
Lithuanian Grand Duke Jogaila, who was now by marriage the King of Poland declared that if the Teutonic Germans invaded Lithuania it would mean war. The Teutonic Knights said this was a provocation and declared war.
Since Grand Duke Jogaila was now the King of Poland, he gave control of Lithuania to Vytautas the Great.
On the 2nd of July 1410 Vytautas the Great of Lithuania and King Jogaila of Poland joined their armies and crossed into Teutonic territory headed for the German castle at Marienburg. The Germans were caught completely by surprise.
The German and Lithuanian-Polish forces faced off and fought for many hours. The Germans were slaughtered and the Lithuanian-Polish armies were victorious.
The battle was fought on the plains of Grunwald or in Lithuanian – Žalgiris. The battle is known in Lithuania as Žalgirio mūšis. Mūšis is the word for battle. Today Žalgiris is a symbol of resistance to foreign domination over Lithuania.
The leading Lithuanian basketball and football teams are called BC Žalgiris and FK Žalgiris to commemorate the battle.
Today’s episode will be a continuation of the last episode on adjectives. Today we’ll essentially take the singular adjectives from the last episode and make them plural.
the plural of –as changes to –i, the plural of -a changes to –os
the plural of –us changes to –ūs, the plural of -i changes to –ios
the plural of –is changes to –iai, the plural of -ė changes to –ės
small mažas / maža
small dogs maži šunys
small countries mažos šalys
-soft minkštas / minkšta
soft armchairs minkšti foteliai
soft sofas minkštos sofos
-hard kietas / kieta
hard muffins kieti keksai
hard sofas kietos sofos
-clean švarus / švari
clean beaches švarūs pliažai
clean bathtubs švarios vonios
-cheap pigus / pigi
cheap bicycles pigūs dviračiai
cheap dresses pigios suknelės
-icy ledinis / ledinė
icy pond s lediniai tvenkiniai
icy rivers ledinės upės
-silky šilkinis / šilkinė
silky skirts šilkiniai sijonai
silky dresses šilkinės suknelės
-synthetic sintetinis / sintetinė
synthetic chemicals sintetiniai chemikalai
synthetic blouses sintetinės palaidinukės
the adjective didelis is an oddball and it doesn’t follow the normal rules
-big, heavy, large didelis / didelė
big noises dideli triukšmai
big structures didelės struktūros
Šaunuoliai! Excellent! You made it to the end of another episode! Puiku!
Good to see you guys are still in action. Did you know a good way to get practice with Lithuanian is on facebook? When you choose \"Lietuvių\" at the bottom right of the page you can see the \"prompts\" and \"headings\" in Lithuanian instead of English. Not that I understand all of it... that could be a lesson sometime that many of us could participate in! Also, just FYI, a friend of my daughters from LCC International University is coming to visit us for 3 weeks beginning Monday. Should be fun!