Sun, 17 August 2008
Hi there, this is Jack and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud, a lot of flavor, zero calories. Before we start today’s episode, just wanted to mention a couple of things. As of this recording the Lithuanian basketball team has won four games at the Beijing Olympics and lost none. Could this be the Olympic Games where they win the gold medal? I’m rooting for Lithuania! Valio, valio, valio!
Now, here’s another Agnė iš Vilniaus contribution. Agnė says every Lithuanian aged three and older knows this song by heart. I looked for this song on Youtube and added links on the Lithuanian Out Loud blogpage so you can see the song with a video. Click on the links, I think you’ll enjoy them. Of course, if you want to see the lyrics to the song, you can read them on the show notes on the blogpage or you can get them off the episode pdf.
Labai ačiū, Agne! You’ve created another fantastic contribution! You’re super!
Du gaideliai (two little roosters)
Du gaideliai, du gaideliai,
Ožys malė, ožys malė,
Musė maišė, musė maišė,
Two little roosters, two little roosters
A goat (male) was grinding, a goat was grinding
A fly was mixing, a fly was mixing,
Du gaideliai tramvajuje
Du gaideliai (in Iceland)
Du Gaideliai by 'Merkuijus'
Hi there, I’m Raminta and I’m Jack and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language. Today we’re in the month of August which in Lithuanian is rugpjūtis.
Lietuvos zoologijos sodas is the only zoo in Lithuania. It’s located in Kaunas and it has over 2,000 animals and 270 species.
According to Radio Vilnius & Current Affairs of February 2008, a woman who was in charge of the animal cages was attacked by a bear that had escaped. Her screams attracted the attention of a man who was in the parking lot and he scared the 70 kilo or 154 pound bear off. The woman was hospitalized.
In early February a zookeeper was gored by a musk ox. The man’s life couldn’t be saved.
According to the Associated Press back in May of 2007 three university students climbed into a giraffe’s pen at night. The giraffe defended itself and stomped on 22 year-old Ruta Greičiutė, breaking her nose and collarbone.
Back in episode 0059 we introduced the accusative case or galininkas. Today we’ll start in on the plural accusative or accusative plural.
To do this let’s introduce a new verb – valgyti – to eat. When you use a transitive verb the object of the sentence is declined using the accusative case or galininkas. For example, I eat the banana. Banana is a singular object that receives the action of the verb, to eat. So, banana is declined using galininkas. You know the verb is transitive when you see the object receives the action of the verb. I open the window – the object, window is receiving the action of the verb, to open. Sonata drives the car. The object – the car is receiving the action of the verb, to drive.
now let’s conjugate valgyti – to eat
you eat (tu)
you eat (jūs)
you all eat
they eat (jie)
they eat (jos
We’ve already gone over the accusative singular in previous episodes. I’m eating an egg is the accusative singular. I’m eating a single egg. I’m eating one egg. The egg is the object that receives the action of the verb – to eat.
I’m eating the eggs or I’m eating two eggs is the accusative plural. The plural object – eggs – are receiving the action of the verb – to eat.
In this episode we’ll focus on the accusative plural such as, I’m eating eggs or he’s eating mushrooms. Here are some of the plural accusative endings. Today we’re going to do only masculine nouns. Words that end in…
-as change to –us
Now let’s make some sentences using valgyti. Keep in mind that in Lithuanian to say aš valgau can mean I eat or I am eating, tu eini, you walk or you are walking.
I’m eating a banana
aš valgau bananą
I’m eating the bananas
aš valgau bananus
Some say Lithuanian is hard. Hmmm. Don’t worry if this episode seems difficult. Assuming we keep these podcasts coming for thousands of episodes, we plan to do a single episode for every new verb we introduce. Of course, there are thousands of verbs to cover so you’ll get tons of practice just like here with the verb valgyti.
are you eating a mushroom?
ar tu valgai grybą?
are you eating mushrooms?
ar valgai grybus?
Attention! Dėmesio! Something else to keep in mind when conjugating any verb. You don’t need to say “aš valgau” since valgau makes - aš - obvious. You can just say, valgau. The word aš is not necessary unless you want to use it for emphasis. Same goes for tu valgai, “tu” isn’t necessary – you can simply say, “valgai,” tu is understood. Valgome is the same, you don’t need to say mes. Valgote is also the same, you don’t need to say jūs. In these examples the pronoun is unnecessary.
he is eating an egg
jis valgo kiaušinį
he is eating eggs
jis valgo kiaušinius
a sandwich or hamburger
the sandwiches or hamburgers
she is eating a sandwich
ji valgo sumuštinį
she’s eating hamburgers
ji valgo sumuštinius
we are eating an apple
mes valgome obuolį
we are eating the apples
mes valgome obuolius
are you eating a crab?
ar jūs valgote krabą?
are you eating crabs?
ar jūs valgote krabus?
are you all eating an eel?
ar jūs valgote ungurį?
are you all eating eels?
ar jūs valgote ungurius?
the perch (plural)
are they eating a perch?
ar jos valgo ešerį?
are they are eating perch? (plural)
ar jos valgo ešerius?
Puiku! Excellent! You made it to the end of another episode! Puiku!
Alright! That’s it for today! Thanks for the download! If you got anything out of this lesson please leave us a review on our iTunes page.