Sun, 2 March 2008
Hi there, I’m Jack. Hi there I’m Raminta and welcome back to Lithuanian Out Loud where we offer the world the Lithuanian language. We’re not teachers, but we do the best we can.
What do you think about that? It’s good to try to do the best, I think!
Recently, we talked about Saulė, the Lithuanian sun goddess of life, nature and fertility. You might be surprised to know her most sacred animal is žaltys, a small harmless green grass snake. The Lithuanian word for green is žalias. So, žalias – green, žaltys – green grass snake.
The žaltys spirit lives by the stove but to ensure fertility and wealth for the family a living žaltys snake was kept in a special corner of the home and at times the entire family would not only recite prayers to it, they would invite the green grass snake to share a meal at the dinner table.
That would be a lot of fun!
Elena Bradūnas has written a wonderful story for the magazine Lituanus named, If You Kill A Snake – The Sun Will Cry. You can find a link to the article on the Lithuanian Out Loud blogpage. According to the article, written in 1975, Elena states, “to this day in Lithuania, the gabled roofs are occasionally topped with serpent-shaped carvings in order to protect the household from evil powers.”
Since we touched on it in the last lesson, let‘s work some more on naming things. It‘s fairly simple and you‘ve already seen it. We just use kilmininkas or the genitive case. This is all simple stuff assuming you‘ve studied lessons 0022, 0030, 0031, 0033, 0037, and 0039 on kilmininkas.
Here‘s some new vocabulary for you. First, let’s go over the words in vardininkas or the naming case.
an avenue prospektas
a bridge tiltas
the constitution konstitucija
the townhall rotušė
the museum muziejus
Now we’ll name things using kilmininkas or the genitive case, for example, what’s the name of the street? It’s name is University Street. What’s the name of the park? It’s named Europe Park.
In the following examples we’ll give the streets, the squares, the avenues, the parks and the museums names. These are all real locations in Vilnius, Lithuania.
University Street Universiteto gatvė
So, we started with vardininkas, changed to kilmininkas in order to name things, and now let‘s change all these examples to galininkas or the accusative declension using į, or to, but first let‘s learn three more conjugations of the verb važiuoti.
We‘re going mes važiuojame
Now for something challenging. We‘ll say a destination in English and we‘ll say, mes, jie or jos. You conjugate the verb and decline the destination and say the sentence in Lithuanian. For example, we‘ll say, “University Street – mes.“
Your response should be, “Mes važiuojame į Universiteto gatvę.“ We‘re going to University Street.
Just a reminder - when you use the verb važiuoti, you’re saying, to go, to drive, or to ride, using a car, a bus, a train, a bicycle, whatever. You’re not talking about walking.
University Street (mes) mes važiuojame į Universiteto gatvę
Sveikinu laimėjus! Congratulations on making it through another episode! Sveikinu laimėjus!
If you kill a snake, the sun will cry
Alright, that’s it for today, we’d like to thank you very much for listening, we appreciate it.
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I’m Jack and I’ve never met a Lithuanian I didn’t like. Viso gero! Sudie!